Sunday, October 1, 2023

Relation between ISO 9001:2015 and IATF 16949

Relation between ISO 9001:2015 and IATF 16949

In introduction section of IATF 16949, you will see explanation for some of heading as ‘see requirement in ISO 9001-2015‘.

First Clause of IATF 16949 is Scope, but before that you see Introduction, here introduction of IATF 16949 is explained along with ISO 9001-2015.

Introduction of IATF-16949
Introduction section of IATF 16949

What are requirement of IATF-16949

Well here IATF 16949 is QMS standard itself and its requirements are described under 10 clause of its manual. So all clauses of IATF-16949 are requirement of IATF-16949.

10 clauses list of IATF-16949 is as below-

  1. Scope
  2. Normative References
  3. Terms and definitions
  4. Context of organization
  5. Leadership
  6. Planning
  7. Support
  8. Operations
  9. Performance evaluation
  10. Improvement

Before going direct to clause 1 understand Introduction section

Introduction of IATF 16949

Structure of introduction section is as below

  1. General
  2. Quality Management System
  3. Process Approach

3.1 General

3.2 Plan Do Check Act Cycle

3.3 Risk Base Thinking

3.4 Relation with other management Standard

What is ISO?

ISO-international organization for standardization is worldwide federation of national standards bodies [which are also known as ISO members bodies], responsible for standardization for various sectors. Their are many ISO standard which were published by ISO with help of different technical committee , same for ISO 9001-2015, one technical committee ISO/TS 176 is responsible. Which cover Quality management system and Quality assurance under this Document.

Right now ISO 9001-2015 is in its 5th edition, while IATF-16949 is in 4th edition.

So IATF-16949 is just part of ISO 9001-2015, all requirement of IATF 16949 become requirement of ISO 9001-2015 by default.

What are changes in 5th edition of ISO 9001-2015?

It revised quality management principles & new concepts. Also replaced technical corrigendum ISO 9001-2008/Cor:1:2009.

What is ISO 9001-2015?

This is QMS standard which is about strategic decision for an organization that can help to improve its overall performance.

ISO 9001-2015 is family of QMS which contains set of standards, that help an organization to ensure that they meet the customer requirements for product and services.

Benefits of ISO 9001-2015

This standard employs process approach along with Quality management principles. By process approach mean here PDCA and risk base thinking.

  • PDCA cycle enables an organization to ensure its process are adequately resources & managed , and opportunities for improvement are determined acted on.
  • By Risk base thinking organization will determine factors that could cause its process and its QMS to deviated from planned results to put in place preventive controls to minimize negative effect.
  1. Quality Management Principles
  2. Customer Focus
  3. Leadership
  4. Engagement of people
  5. Process Approach
  6. Improvement
  7. Evidence based decision making
  8. Relationship management

Process Approach:_

This standard ISO-9001 2015 says organization should have a process approach when developing, implementing and improving the QMS to enhance customer satisfaction by meeting customer requirement.

So ultimate aim of process approach is to meet customer requirement and obtaining intended result in accordance with quality policy. This aim of process approach can be achieve using PDCA [Plan do check act] and Risk base thinking.

Benefits of adopting Process approach

  1. Achievement of effective process performance
  2. Consistency in meeting requirement
  3. Improvement of process


PDCA can be applied to QMS as a whole, clause 4 to 10 can be grouped in PDCA cycle.
  • Plan-establish an objective of system
  • Do- Implementation of what was planned
  • Check- Monitoring and measure
  • Act- Take action to improve
PDCA cycle
PDCA cycle applied to QMS as a whole

Risk base thinking

Aim of adopting risk base thinking is to achieve an effective quality management system by carrying out preventive action to eliminate Non conformity. To achieve this aim organization will plan and implement actions to address risk and opportunities.

Benefits of Risk base thinking

  • Effectiveness of QMS increases
  • Achieve improved result
  • Preventing non conformity throughout the process

Relation with Other Management System standard

ISO 9001-2015 enables an organization to use the process approach, couple with PDCA cycle and risk base thinking to align and integrate its quality management system with requirement of other management system requirement.

So in introduction section of IATF 16949, i have explained ISO 9001-2015, whenever ISO 9001-2015 related point will come while doing self training program for IATF, that point will be explained from reference standard very properly.


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