ELV and RoHS
ELV – End of Life Vehicle. Directive 2000/53/EC
The End of Life Vehicles Directive is a Directive of the European Union addressing the end of life for automotive products. Every year, motor vehicles which have reached the end of their useful lives create between 8 and 9 million tonnes of waste in the European Union. In 1997, the European Commission adopted a Proposal for a Directive to tackle this problem. The Directive on End-of Life
Vehicle 2000/53/EC is the first EU waste directive with which the EU Commission has introduced the concept of Extended producer responsibility. The directive aims at reduction of waste arising from end-of-life vehicles. The scope of the directive is limited to passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The directive covers aspects along the life cycle of a vehicle as well as aspects related to treatment operations.
RoHS (Restriction on Hazardous Substances)
RoHS is an European Union (EU) legislation that restricts certain substances in electrical and electronic equipment with the goal of reducing the environmental impact of such equipment.
It originally entered into force July 1, 2006 (2002/95/EC) and was later revised June 8, 2011 (2011/65/EU) and entered into force July 3, 2013. Countries beyond the EU (China, Korea, India, etc.), have also adopted RoHS-like legislation.
What are aims of ELV directives?
- preventing the use of certain heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, mercury and hexavalent chromium,
- collection of vehicles at suitable treatment facilities,
- de-pollution of fluids and specific components,
- coding and/or information on parts and components
- ensuring information for consumers and treatment organizations
- achieving reuse, recycling and recovery performance targets
- With these targets set, the directive involves four major stakeholders, the producer, the recycling industry, the last holder and the authorities. Each has a responsibility within the realms of its unique possibility.
What are aims of RoHS?
- Requires declaration that relevant products placed on the market do not contain above threshold level of certain substances
- Requires CE Marking
- Requires Declaration of Conformance
- Requires Technical Documentation
- Includes exemptions with expiration dates
What substances are restricted under RoHS and ELV?
- Lead (0.1%)
- Mercury (0.1%
- Cadmium (0.01%)
- Hexavalent chromium (0.1%)
- Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) (0.1%)
- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) (0.1%)
- Bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (0.1%)
- Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) (0.1%)
- Dibuytl phthalate (DBP) (0.1%)
- Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) (0.1%)
- Lead as an alloying element in aluminum containing up to 0.4% lead by weight is permitted (6b).
- Copper alloy containing up to 4% lead by weight is permitted (6c)
- Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. lead based solder alloys containing 85% by weight or more lead) (7a).
Elements of the ELV Directive
Common homogenous materials containing restricted substances in RoHS:
- Lead – Solders, termination coating, paints, pigment, PVC stabilizer
- Cadmium – Coatings, solders, semiconductors, contacts, PVC stabilizers, pigments
- Mercury – Fluorescent lamps, batteries, sensors, relays
- Hexavalent Chromium – Coatings to prevent corrosion (on zinc, aluminum or in paints).
- PBB, PBDE – Flame retardant in certain plastics
- DEHP, BBP, DBP, DIBP – Plasticizers in certain plastics and cables
What is difference between EU ELV and Indian ELV?
- EU: Vehicles of category M1 and N1
- India: Vehicles of category M1, L1 and L2
Forbidden Substances for Motor Vehicles
- EU： Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Hexavalent Chromium
- India： Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Hexavalent Chromium
Recoverability Rate for Motor Vehicles
- EU: Recyclability rate (85% and more), Recoverability rate (95% and more)
- India: Recyclability rate (80% and more), Recoverability rate (90% and more)
MDS Reporting Tool
- EU: IMDS
- India: IMDS (major OEMs’ plan)