Sunday, October 1, 2023

Difference between JSH270CN and JSC270CC

Difference b/w JSH270CN & JSC270CC

JSH270CN & JSC270CC are Japanese steel grades. Mostly used by Japanese automobile companies. 

JSH– is for Hot Rolled steel, while JSC– is for Cold Rolled steel

These types of Grade system conform to the requirement specified in JFS A 1001 / JFS A 2001 (Japan iron & steel federation standard –for Hot Rolled/Cold rolled steel sheet for automobile purpose).

JSH270CN is “Hot Rolled mild steel sheet. It is used for commercial purpose.  

While JSC270CN is “Cold rolled mild steel sheet for commercial uses. 

Mild Steel is Low carbon steel, don’t get confused. Carbon composition will be 0.05% to 0.25%.

Here both [JSH270CN & JSC270CC) are mild steel sheets with only difference with their heat treatment process one is hot rolled and other is cold rolled. 

These material are not specified for ageing property. May be subjected to ageing in mechanical properties.

  • JSC270CC previous grade symbol was SPCC-NS. In JSC270CC- 270 is Tensile strength & C in last indicate low carbon designation. 0.01 % or more. 
  • JSC270CU, here U indicates ultra-low carbon designation (less than 0.01%). 
  • JSC270CN, here N indicates there is no designation for chemical composition. Same is applicable for JSH270CN.

SPCC steel is a commercial quality cold rolled steel. SPCC is a material grade and designation defined in JIS G 3141 standard. As a basic Carbon Steel it can be consider in mild steel.

Description of SPCC is given in JIS G 3141

Chemical Composition







0.15 Max

0.12 Max


0.60 Max

0.60 Max


0.10 max

0.045 Max


0.05 Max

0.035 Max


If we look into JFS standards, material description will be in JSH. JSC, Etc. 
But if we check same grade system in JIS there you will see SPCC, SPCH, SPCD,
Application: – General steels used for general forming, deep drawing.






0.15 max.

0.60 max.

0.050 max

0.050 max.


0.10 max.

0.50 max.

0.040 max

0.040 max.


0.10 max

0.50 max

0.030 max.

0.035 max

What is Commercial Quality Cold Rolled Steel? 

The commercial quality cold rolled steel is a type of steel that can be used commercially for forming purposes that can also include shearing of a metallic sheet. Common operations that can be done on such steels are: Bending, Curling, De-cambering, Blanking, Shaping, Lancing, Piercing, Notching.

Cold rolled Steel: – Metal bar is passed through high tension rollers below the re-crystallization temperature of the steel. The roller does not only decrease the thickness of the sheets but also refines the grain structure and hardens the steels. After the cold rolling process there are some
additive processes like annealing, and then skin passing to make a complete SPCC material with bright finish.

What are Ageing & Non ageing properties in steel material


It mean, material will meet the requirement specified in applicable standard for TS, Proof Stress, and Elongation after 12 month of manufacturing. Also no occurrence of stretcher strain for 12 months after steel manufacturing.

Delayed ageing

It mean specified steel shall have no occurrence of stretcher strain for at least 3 months after manufacturing, when stored at room temperature.

Therefore it is desirable delayed ageing steel sheet be used as promptly as possible after the steel sheets arrival within the time period.
After warranty sheet should not be used, if used there may happen age hardening for less than 3 months in case if any manufacturing done.

Engineering materials used in Industries

Types of steel:-

  1. Carbon Steel 
  2. Alloy Steel  
  3. Stainless Steel 
  4. Tool Steel {Its nothing but High carbon steel}
Carbon steel can be divided in 3 subcategories
  1. Low Carbon steel (Carbon percentage is 0.3% max) 
  2. Medium carbon steel (Carbon- 0.3-0.6% Max)  
  3. High Carbon steel (Carbon % is more than 0.6%) 
Carbon percentage is more than 2.0% then it will be cast iron.

Large numbers of variety of steel is used for machine components. Generally steel can be specified by symbol Fe followed by T/S. Example FeE250, which mean 250 is Tensile strength.

Further designation of some steel types is explained as following:-

Plain Carbon steel

20C8   [ Carbon%= 0.2 and Manganese%= 0.8]

Here in plain carbon steel symbol (20C8), first 2 words before C are 100 times of average % of carbon and after C is 10 times of average % of manganese. Rest will be Fe (Iron).

Unalloyed steel (Free cutting steel)

25C12S14 [Carbon%= 0.25, Manganese%= 1.2% and Sulphur%= 0.14]

Here in free cutting steel symbol (25C12S14, 20C12Pb15) first 2 words before C are 100 times of average % of carbon, after C is 10 times of average % of manganese and last 2 words after S or Pb are 100 times of Sulphur /Lead percentage. Rest will be Fe (Iron).

Alloyed steel

25Cr4Mo2 [Carbon%= 0.25, Chromium%= 1 and Molybdenum%= 0.2]

Here in alloyed steel symbol (25Cr4Mo2) first 2 words before Cr is 100 times of average % of carbon, Before Mo divide number by 4 gives you average percentage of Chromium and divide number which is after Mo by 2 will give you average percentage of Molybdenum.

Note:- If any steel which contains more than 10% of alloy elements will be consider high alloy steel.

Effects of alloying elements on steel

Alloying elements affect constitution, characteristics and behavior  of steel. Some alloying element and their effect on steel is explained below-

1. Silicon:-  Silicon is presence almost in every steel. It increase hardness and strength without decreasing ductility of steel.

2. Manganese:-  It act as deoxidizing agent in steel material, which increase hardness and strength of material. Since Manganese is deoxidizing agent, which help material to prevent from rust.

3. Nickel:-  It increase the roughness by limiting grain growth during heat treatment process. It also increase strength hardness without effecting ductility.

4. Chromium:-  It is added to prevent material from corrosion, it is best corrosion resistance element. Chromium increases hardness and wear resistance. Material with chromium retains hardness and strength at elevated temperature.

5. Molybdenum:-  It increase hardness and wear resistance of material also it resist softening of material during tempering and heating.

6. Tungsten:-  It has same effect as Molybdenum.

7. Sulphur:-  It is added to increase the machinability of material.

Mechanical properties of a metal

Basic mechanical properties of material can be determined by tension test, we check basic properties from tension test
  • Yield Strength
  • Ultimate Tensile Strength
  • Percentage of Elongation
  • Percentage of reduction
  • Hardness


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